Many opportunities to reduce logistics costs
This morning (April 16), Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc hosted the national online conference on logistics, cost-effective solutions, effectively linking the transport infrastructure system.
World Bank ( WB ) said that the most pressing issue is the cost of logisticsin Vietnam is still at a high level - equivalent to 20.9% of GDP, of which transport costs account for about 59%. Thus, cutting logistics costs in general and transportation costs in particular is an urgent task, which is of great significance in enhancing competitiveness and economic development.
According to a report by the Transport Department of the Ministry of Transport, in 2017, high-cost road transport accounted for 77.2% of the transport market, while the bulk transport modes Low cost of inland and inland waterways accounted for 17% and 5.22%, respectively. Rail transport accounted for only 0.42%, air only 0.02%.
Le Duy Hiep, Chairman of the Vietnam Association of Logistics Services, said that the cost of transporting 40 feet by land from Hanoi to Ho Chi Minh City (excluding the cost of loading and unloading the two ends) was about 40 million copper, 9.7 times higher than sea transport and 2.5 times higher than rail.
Deputy Minister of Transport Nguyen Van Cong also pointed out that the connection between modes of shipping still exist some limitations leading to high transportation costs such as congestion of means and goods on the road to the port. Cat Lai (District 2), Truc Tho ICD (Thu Duc District, HCMC).
In addition, "In many transportation routes in the Mekong Delta, handling costs account for 35% -40% of the total cost of package transport, with five times more inland waterway transport and lower stability. than the road due to dependence on the canal season is not attractive "- Ministry of Transport said.
MOT proposed to restructure the domestic transportation market by reducing the market share of road transport, increasing the market share of rail and inland waterway transport, especially on the main transportation corridors The The inter-provincial road transport market share will reach 54.4% by 2020; railway 4.3%; Inland waterway 32.4%.
It is expected at the meeting, the Ministry of Transport will propose to the Prime Minister 6 main solutions to reduce logistics costs. First of all, there should be synchronous solutions for investment in transport systems in line with socio-economic development strategies. Secondly, the Prime Minister has approved the master plan of the ICD system of Vietnam, the Ministry of Transport is building the detailed system so that in April -2018 it will be submitted to the Minister of Transport . Thirdly, in synchronous development of transportation system, priority should be given to inland waterway systems, especially in the Mekong Delta.
Fourthly, the Ministry of Transport asked the Government to pay attention to investing in some deep-water ports, investing in infrastructure in Cai Mep - Thi Vai area, upgrading laneways to welcome super-large ships in order to maximize the existing infrastructure system. have. Currently, the vessel can not enter Cai Mep - Thi Vai 24/24 hours but have to wait for the tide. If ships come in and out for 24/24 hours, major shipping lines will open more inbound and outbound shipping to Europe and USA faster without transit to Singapore.
Fifthly, the Ministry of Transport will together with the ministries and branches continue to implement the policy of strict control of means load to ensure equality between modes of transport. Sixth, continuing review of administrative procedures and specialized inspection procedures is a major barrier. The Ministry of Transport recommends speeding up, especially the specialized inspection procedures, abandonment or simplification, transfer from pre-check to post-inspection.